museum : PALAZZO VECCHIO
The building is attributed to Arnolfo di Cambio who began building it in 1299. Originally the Palazzo dei Priori
became the Palazzo della Signoria, when the Duke Cosimo I de 'Medici made it his residence.
From 1865 to 1871 was the seat of the Italian Parliament.
It was built on the ruins of the palace of the Uberti Ghibelline family, after their expulsion in 1266.
After the death of Arnolfo in 1302, was completed in 1314.
When Cosimo moved to the Pitti Palace in 1565, called the former residence of the Palazzo Vecchio.
Between 1540 and 1550 Vasari enlarged the palace for the needs of the ducal court.
gives the impression of solidity through the rusticated finish in pietraforte and under the same
gallery there is a series of crests to symbolize some special moments of the Florentine Republic:
the coat with a red cross on a white ground, are the signs of the Florentine people
the Florentine lily red on a white ground adopted by the Guelphs at the time of the expulsion of the Ghibellines in 1266
crest white and red represents the link between Florence and Fiesole
the coat of arms with the golden keys on a red field represents loyalty to the papacy
the coat of arms with the inscription Libertas gold on a blue field symbolizes the Lordship
the coat of arms with the red eagle on a white field which bind a green dragon symbolizes the Guelph Party
the coat of arms with the three golden lilies on a blue field, is the King of France and Charles Robert of Anjou
the coat of arms banded black, gold and gold lilies on a blue field is the weapon of Louis of Anjou, King of Hungary
The Tower was built around 1310 when the building was almost finished. About 94 meters high, is decentralized
to the south side. In the tower, in addition to the stairs, there is a small room called "the little hotel" in which
were kept prisoners, among others, Cosimo the Elder before being exiled (1433)
and Girolamo Savonarola before being burned in the streets May 23, 1498. In the balcony of the belfry,
Ghibellines with battlements, three bells are attached:
- The Martinella, which the Florentines call to meeting,
- The bell of the south,
- The bell tolls (the largest)
the ground floor:
The first courtyard was designed in 1453 by Michelozzo
The Chamber of Arms, built in 1312, is the only room of the building to retain its original structure
the second courtyard, built in 1494 by the Chronicle to support the "Salone dei Cinquecento"
The third courtyard provided by Vasari, was painted by Bartolomeo Ammannati and Bernardo Buontalenti
The first floor is divided between:
the salon of the Five Hundred
Built in 1494 by Simone del Pollaiuolo, commissioned by Savonarola,
Council wanted it for just 500 members.
Study of Francesco I de 'Medici
Vasari designed and built in the Mannerist style (1570-1575)
the Hall of Leo X
the Hall of Cosimo the Elder
the Hall of Lorenzo the Magnificent
the Hall of Cosimo I
the Hall of Giovanni delle Bande Nere
the Chapel of Saints Cosmas and Damian
the hall of Clement VII
the Hall of the Two Hundred
Eight of the Hall
The second floor is divided between:
Quarter of the Elements
Quarter of Eleanor
the Cappella dei Priori
the Audience Hall
the Sala dei Gigli
Geographical maps of the room or wardrobe
the gallery above
The Palace is full of inscriptions and plaques that were affixed over the centuries.