Florence panorama

Florence Travel guide, tourist information, museums

Florence is known for its history all over the world, it is the capital of Italian culture famous for its importance in the Middle Ages and in The Renaissance. In that era, Florence was the city at the forefront of all of the developments in government, art, psychology and sociology. An example of Florence's influence on the Renaissance and its city-state neighbors is the florin, Florence's minted coinage that became the standard currency across all of Europe.

Florence is the capital city of Tuscany, the land of Michelangelo Buonarroti, sculptor of David; Dante Alighieri, the most important Italian writer and author of "The Divine Comedy;" Botticelli, artist best known for his works of "The Birth of Venus" and "Primavera;" Giotto; Leonardo da Vinci; Galileo; Machiavelli; the Medici family of the Renaissance and Antonio Meucci the inventor of the telephone.

Florence has a legendary artistic heritage. In Florence is one of the most important museums of Italy: The Uffizi Gallery. It is one of the oldest and most famous art museums of the western world. The gallery is articulated in many halls.
In the "Galleria dell'accademia" you find Michelangelo's collections, including the famous David.

The centre of the city is contained in medieval walls that were built in the 14th century to defend the city. The best-known site and architectural jewel of Florence is the domed cathedral of the city, Santa Maria del Fiore, known as The Duomo. The magnificent dome was built by Filippo Brunelleschi. The old and narrow medieval streets are full of old "Palazzi" of families that lived in the city during the Renaissance. Palazzo Vecchio now the city hall, Palazzo Strozzi, a symbolic monument of Renaissance architecture, Palazzo Medici Riccardi, and many others. Florence was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The city has also wonderful gardens like the Boboli Gardens, that is home to a collection of sculptures dating from the 16th to the 18th centuries, with some Roman antiquities.

Florence, surrounded by hills in a river valley, has a Mediterranean climate. The countryside, close to the city, is famous for wonderful Tuscan food and wine.

Florence is also the land of fashion. "Moda" designers such as Gucci, Roberto Cavalli, and Ferragamo come from this region.


FLORENCE LINKS

Florence museums  opening hours

Florence card   - avoid queues and booking limitations in museums and use public transportation which is free of charge

Florence public transportation   - bus, tramway, timetables and route

Florence city guide   - Florence APT city guide: itineraries, useful information, city life instruction